8th August 2022

What is HTML? Introduction to HTML with Examples

HTML, (HyperText Markup Language) is a markup language used to create Internet documents that we can see from browsers.

  • The source of all pages on the Internet is HTML.
  • HTML code does not mean anything without a browser.
  • HTML documents are edited with any text editor and saved with extensions such as * .htm, * .HTML, * .sHTML. For this purpose, editors such as notepad, wordpad are enough.
  • Every HTML documents starts with <HTML> and ends with </ HTML>.
  • The commands <> are called tags.
  • An HTML document consists of two main parts:  The header section is located between the <head>. . .</ head> tags;  The Body Section located between <body>. . . </ body> tags. <title>… </title> tags is placed into the header section.. title appears at the top of our browser and is the title of the generated page. 

Example


Example Explained

  • The <!DOCTYPE html>is a document type declaration and it tells the browser know which version of HTML you’re using (HTML5, in this case).
  • The <html> element is the main element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element is a container for metadata (data about data)
  • The <title> the element defines the title of the document and is required in all HTML/XHTML documents.
  • The <body> the element contains the visible page content
  • The <h1> the element defines a large heading
  • The <p> the element defines a paragraph
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HTML Tags

HTML tags are the hidden keywords inside a web page that define how your web browser must format and show the content.

Web Browsers

A web browser is a software application specifically to read HTML documents and displaying the resulting Web page.

Web Browsers
Web Browsers

 

HTML Page Structure

The following is a representation of an HTML page structure:

HTML page structure
HTML page structure
Web Browsers
Web Browsers

 

Note: Only the content inside the <body> section is shown in a browser

HTML Versions

Version Year
HTML 1991
HTML 2.0 1995
HTML 3.2 1997
HTML 4.01 1999
XHTML 2000
HTML5 2014

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